What is Multiple Disability Act 1999 with Examples

The Multiple Disability Act, 1999 is an act passed for persons with more than one disability. The Act of Parliament was passed on by the President on 30th December, 1999. 

Multiple Disability Act, 1999 is

“An Act to provide for the constitution of a body at the national level for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities and for matters connected therewith or incidental thereto”.

The Act may be called the National Trust for the Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act, 1999. It is applicable to the whole of India except the State of Jammu & Kashmir.

The National Trust is a statutory body of the Ministry of Social Justice and Empowerment, Government of India, set up under the “National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy, Mental Retardation and Multiple Disabilities Act” which was passed by theParliament on 1999. The following disabilities have been defined by the National Trust as the following: 

• “Autism means a condition of uneven skill development primarily affecting the communication and social abilities of a person, marked by repetitive and ritualistic behaviour.”

• “Cerebral Palsy means a group of non-progressive condition of a person characterisedby abnormal motor control posture resulting from brain insult or injuries occurring in the pre-natal, perinatal or infant period of development.”

• “Mental Retardation means a condition of arrested or incomplete development of mind of person which is specially characterised by sub-normality of intelligence.”

• “Multiple disabilities means a combination of two or more disabilities as defined in clause (i) of section 2 of the Persons with Disabilities (Equal Opportunities, Protection of Rights and Full Participation) Act, 1995.”  

• “Severe Disability means disability with eighty percent or more of one or more multiple disabilities.”

The other terms are defined as:

• “Board” means Board of trustees constituted under section 3;

• “Chairperson” means the Chairperson of the Board appointed under clause (a) sub-section (4) of section 3.

• “Chief Executive” Officer” means the Chief Executive Officer appointed under sub-section (1) of section 8.

• “Member” means a Member of the Board and includes the Chairperson.

• “Notification” means notification published in the Official Gazette.

• “Persons with disability” means a person suffering from any of the conditions relating to autism, cerebral palsy, mental retardation or a combination of any two or more of such conditions and includes a person suffering from severe multiple disability.

• “Prescribed” means prescribed by rules made under this Act.

• “Professional” means a person who is having special expertise in a field, which would promote the welfare of persons with disability.

• “Registered organisation” means an association of persons with disability or an association of parents of persons with disability or a voluntary, as the case may be, registered under section 12.

• “Regulation” means the regulations made by the Board under this Act.

• “Trust” means the National Trust for Welfare of Persons with Autism, Cerebral Palsy Mental Retardation and Multiple Disability constituted under sub section (1) of section 3.

Persons with multiple disabilities have a combination of two or more serious disabilities, such as cognitive, movement, and sensory. Some examples of multiple disabilities are:

• Deaf-blind (Visual Impairment + Hearing Impairment)

• Visual Impairment + Hearing Impairment + Mental Retardation

• Visual Impairment + Mental Retardation

• Cerebral Palsy + Mental Retardation/ Hearing/ Speech/ Visual problems.