In the context of psychology, self-esteem is a term used to refer to a person’s overall subjective sense of personal value and worth. It can be defined as the amount of appreciation a person has for himself or herself regardless of the circumstances. A lot of factors may contribute to defining self-esteem, some of which include self-confidence, identity, sense of belonging, feeling of security, and feeling of competence. Few terms that are often used interchangeably with self-esteem are self-regard, self-respect, and self-worth.

Benefits of Self-Esteem

The benefits of self-esteem are as follows:

Sense of Purpose

Self-esteem allows individuals to have a sense of purpose in life.

Positive Outlook

People with high self-esteem can have a positive outlook on life.


Self-esteem enables people to accept themselves and accept reality as well.

Value of Self

Self-esteem allows one to appreciate their value and worth regardless of the opinion of others.

Communication Skill

Self-esteem helps individuals to improve their communication skills.

Drive for Success

Self-esteem allows people to take on new challenges and achieve success in life.

Ability to Form Relationships

Self-esteem enables people to form new and valuable relationships.

Ability to Take on Challenges

Self-esteem removes the fear of new challenges from people and helps them be courageous.


Self-esteem develops individuals into resilient and self-sufficient human beings.

High Motivation

Self-esteem never leads people to run out of motivation and it always keeps them highly motivated.

Disadvantages of Self-Esteem

The main disadvantages of self-esteem are as follows:


Too much self-esteem may lead people to become overconfident.

Affects Performance

People with high self-esteem may sometimes face failures in their performance.

The Pretense of Humility

Due to high self-esteem, some people may pretend their humble.

Emotional Problems

Due to the suppression of problems, sometimes, individuals may face emotional problems.


The overflow of positivity may sometimes lead individuals with self-esteem to be deluded from reality.

Lack of Confidence

Lack of self-esteem may also lead to a lack of confidence among individuals.

Poor Academic Performance

Those who have poor self-esteem may face problems in academics as well.

Substance Abuse

Those who have low self-esteem may be more prone to substance and drug abuse.

Affects Career

Those with low self-esteem may not be able to take advantage of their career opportunities

Emotional and mental health problems

Low self-esteem can lead to anxiety, stress, depression, and loneliness too.

Importance of Self-Esteem

The importance of self-esteem is as follows:


People with better self-esteem can make better and more helpful decisions.


Self-esteem is also highly essential for establishing and maintaining relationships.

Emotional Health

Self-esteem is also important for maintaining one’s emotional well-being.

Mental Health

Self-esteem is important to avoid stress and have good mental health and well-being.

Overall Well-Being

People with high self-esteem can lead a better quality of life and enjoy overall well-being.

Self-esteem plays an important role because it has a huge impact on your decision-making process, your emotional health, your mental health, your relationships, and your overall well-being. It also impacts the amount of motivation you have. People with healthy self-esteem and a positive view of themselves recognize their potential and may feel more inspired to take on new challenges than those with low self-esteem.