How Can We Make Teaching-Learning Materials for Primary Classes? How do You Create an Inclusive Learning Environment in the Classroom?

Inclusive Education means,

“a system of education wherein students with and without disability learn together and the system of teaching and learning is suitably adapted to meet the learning needs of different types of students with disabilities.”

Increasing awareness of the philosophy of inclusive education should be made among teachers. They should be oriented and equipped to make different kinds of adjustments that schools have to make in terms of infrastructure, curriculum, teaching methods, and other school practices to develop. This is done to enhance their professional skills and to make them capable of addressing the diverse learning needs of all learners.

Teaching-learning materials for inclusive education and primary education are as follows:

Visual Aids

Visual aids like charts, posters, diagrams, and the like play an important role in making the classroom inclusive.


Games such as board games can make the classroom more fun and engaging. They allow learners to relax and also interact with others therapy improving their social skills.

Audiovisual Aids

Audiovisual aids like a creative PowerPoint presentation or an informative video can also spark the imagination of learners and help them develop an interest in learning.


Incorporating activities that not only involve the mental skills of learners but also their physical skills can be helpful as some learners may be kinesthetic learners.


Using models specifically for science subjects can help learners gain more knowledge about the topic and it will help them grasp the concept with better clarity.

Teachers must try to implement the ‘three-language formula’ and stress using one’s mother tongue, including tribal language, which is the primary medium of communication. Teachers must also encourage children to be proficient in multiple languages other than their mother tongue, including English and they should emphasize the significance of reading in primary classes.