According to Albert Bandura,
“Self-efficacy refers to an individual’s belief in his or her capacity to execute behaviors necessary to produce specific performance attainments.”
In the context of psychology, self-esteem is a term used to refer to a person’s overall subjective sense of personal value and worth. It can be defined as the amount of appreciation a person has for himself or herself regardless of the circumstances. A lot of factors may contribute to defining self-esteem, some of which include self-confidence, identity, sense of belonging, feeling of security, and feeling of competence. Few terms that are often used interchangeably with self-esteem are self-regard, self-respect, and self-worth.
According to Monica A. Frank,
“The self-concept is a factual description of how you perceive yourself. If your perception is distorted, this description may not be an accurate depiction of you, but it is an accurate statement of what you believe about yourself.”
The main differences between self-efficacy, self-esteem, and self-concept among girls are as follows:
William James states that
“self-esteem is composed of successes and expectations.”
According to Carl Rogers,
“self-concept is composed of self-image, ideal self, and self-worth.”
Meanwhile, Nathaniel Branden adds that self-esteem is composed of self-efficacy and self-respect.
Girls who possess a congruent self-concept to develop healthy self-esteem. This helps them become a fully-functioning individual who strives for self-actualization. Meanwhile, girls with healthy self-esteem have confidence and a positive outlook. They also have a realistic evaluation of their strengths and weaknesses.
Self-concept is different from self-esteem, self-image, self-efficacy, and self-awareness. Self-esteem is different from self-regard, self-efficacy, and self-concept.
Self-concept and self-esteem are influenced by environmental and biological factors including social interactions. Carl Rogers proposed that they are also influenced by the congruence of the two other factors of self-concept which include self-image and ideal self.
Self-concept is the overall perception an individual has of him/herself whereas self-esteem is the perception an individual has of his or her worth.
Over time, the concept of self-esteem, self-efficacy, and self-concept have evolved a lot under the influence of many researchers and theorists.