Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of Evaluation

Evaluation Systems: Elements and Types of Evaluation

Evaluation report is used to examine whether a product, service, or process is working on the basis of the set standards or not. “Evaluation reports summarise the effectiveness of a product or service, according to the relevant procedures and standards.”

Elements and Features of an Evaluation Report

The key elements and features of an evaluation report are as follows:

1. Introduction:

The situation is introduced in this section. The purpose of the evaluation report must be stated in this section.

2. Background Information:

The background information such as the purpose of the content under evaluation must be stated.

3. Criteria:

Each of the criteria that will be used in the evaluation must be stated in this stage.

4. Evaluation:

Once the criteria has been set, the process as to how the set standards and criteria will be met must be mentioned.

5. Conclusions:

In this section, the evaluation must be summarised with each criterion.

6. Recommendation:

In this, one must state whether the subject under evaluation should be recommended or not.

Components of an Evaluation Report

Other key components of an evaluation report are as follows:

1. Title or header

2. Executive Summary

3. Table of contents

4. Introductory Remarks

5. Scope

6. Resources and Methods

7. Summary

8. Recommendations

9. References

The National Curriculum Framework for Teacher Education emphasises upon the need for improved evaluation of teachers. It lays specific stress on the continuous assessment of pre- service teacher trainees through the use of both qualitative and quantitative measures. With the support of agencies such as the National University of Educational Planning and Administration (NUEPA), the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT), and bilateral agencies like Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) working with UNICEF, the government has been taking small initiatives through the creation of national tools to facilitate the process of evaluation and make it effective.

Models of Teacher Evaluation

There are three main models of teacher evaluation framed by the government which are as follows:

1. Advancement of Educational Performance through Teacher Support (ADEPTS):

ADEPTS is a Ministry of Human Resource Development (MHRD) and UNICEF initiative. It seeks to improve the quality of education by using performance indicators. ADEPTS believes that if a teacher wants to thrive and take ownership of their performance, a range of enabling conditions needs to be in place.


PINDICS was launched in 2013 by the National Council of Educational Research and Training (NCERT). It involves a set of indicators developed to assess the performance and progress of elementary teachers. It builds on the work done under the MHRD–UNICEF initiative.

3. National Programme on School Standards and Evaluation (NPSSE) – Shaala Siddhi:

The NPSSE or Shaala Siddhi framework is the most recent and the third attempt to set up a formative national-level system. This aims to institutionalise a comprehensive and holistic evaluation system that can enhance school-based standards and performance in India.

Strategies such as classroom observations, student learning outcomes, student evaluation of the teacher, professional conversations, parent feedback, peer evaluation, teacher self-evaluation, teacher tests, teacher portfolios, and the like are used as per Borg for the process of teacher evaluation.