What are the Aims, Objectives, and Levels of Teaching?
Edmund Amidon (1967) states, “Teaching is an interactive process, primarily involving classroom talk which takes place between teacher and pupil and occurs during certain definable activities”. John Brubacher (1939) adds, “Teaching is the arrangement and manipulation of a situation in which there are gaps or obstructions which an individual will seek to overcome and from which he will learn in the course of doing so.”
Philosophy of teaching refers to the branch of practical philosophy related to the philosophical problems stemming from educational theory and teaching practices. There are three main types of major philosophies of education which include teacher-centered philosophies, student-centered philosophies, and society-centered philosophies.
Aims and Objectives of Teaching
- To enable students to acquire knowledge.
- To foster independence among the learners.
- To motivate the learners to achieve success in life.
- To shape the character and behavior of the learners.
- To impart wisdom to the learners.
Levels of Teaching
- Memory Level (Thoughtless Teaching): In this level, teaching is done to provide textbook knowledge to students and the importance is given to memorization rather than learning. This level helps in increasing memory power.
- Understanding Level (Thoughtful Teaching): In this level, students interact with concepts and try to comprehend the content. Teachers and students are also equally interested in this phase. Teachers use debates, seminars, explanations, and more such methods.
- Reflective Level (Upper Thoughtful Teaching): This level of teaching is introspective and goes beyond comprehension and requires students to focus on what they have heard or understood. This is the most advanced level of the teaching
According to Morrison,
“Teaching is intimate contact between a more mature personality and a less mature one which is designed to further the education of the latter.”