What is the socialisation Process in child development? How does Socialization affect child development?

Socialisation can be defined as the process of learning to associate and relate with other people. Socialisation is a process that begins when a baby is born and continues into adulthood, shaping each of those stages of development all the while. Every single interaction the child has, regardless of how big or how small it is, aids them in learning language skills, coping with emotions, and working within social norms. This eventually helps them in identifying their thoughts and emotions as they grow. 

E.S. Bogardus states,

“Socialisation is the process of working together, of developing group responsibility or being guided by the welfare needs of others.”

How does Socialization affect Child Development?

1. Discipline:

Children realise what is an inappropriate behaviour through socialisation and hence, this allows them to build discipline. 

2. Language:

When children interact with others, they also begin to develop their language skills at a quicker pace. Social interactions also help them in learning the spoken word. 

3. Empathy:

Emotional intelligence also plays a highly influential role in the development of children and through socialisation, children can build the quality of empathy which allows them to develop a better understanding of others. 

4. Compliance and Conflict:

When children are playing together and interacting with each other, they become competitive and they learn to resolve problems and handle disagreements as well. 

5. Compassion:

Socialising with others also enables children to understand others which encourages them to help others and show compassion when their hell is needed. They learn how to care in a constructive manner for others. 

W.F. Ogburn adds,

“Socialisation is the process by which the individual learns to conform to the norms of the group.” According to Horton and Hunt (1968), “socialisation is the process whereby one internalises the norms of his groups so that a distinct ‘self emerges, unique to this individual.”