Influence of Heredity and Environment on Child Development CTET NOTES

Gran (1983) adds,

“Development is a social and practical process which aims at the liberation of human potential so that people acquire the maximum socially feasible and practical control over all the available resources needed for the realisation of basic human needs and security.”

According to Darwin,

“the changes on the future generations is because of the changes that are being observed in the environments and that impacts an individual and his personality. Often these picked up habits are transferred to the coming generations.”

laws of Heredity

There are three laws of heredity:

1. Law of Similarity:

This law suggests that, “the offsprings are an exact replica of their parents. Children of intelligent parents are born intelligent while the child of a dull parent is born dull. In this case, the offspring products are hugely similar to their previous generations.”

2. Law of Variations:

This law suggests that, “the offsprings are genetically varied from their parents. It has no guarantee that all the advancements of the parents are being transferred into their children. This all depends upon the genes transferred from parents to their children.”

3. Law of Regressions:

This law suggests that, “children are the exact opposite of their parents’ nature and behaviour.  This is categorised under the law of regression. This factor again is based on the genetic transfer from parents to their offsprings. The genes of commonality do not lapse and have a chance of being transferred in future generations.”

Importance of Heredity and Environment on Child Development: 

1. For teachers to understand their students, they must have an awareness of a child’s heredity and environment. 

2. It helps the teacher to know the principle of individual differences and arrange the educational experience accordingly.

3. It also allows a child to have a balanced development for a child.

4. It helps the teacher to provide a better learning environment in the school.

5. It helps the teacher to study the behaviour of the children in different situations.

Galton suggested that,

“not all the specifications of an individual are received from the parents to an individual but also many times they are being inherited by the ancestors. This theory included qualities being transferred from grandfather/grandmother or paternal grandfathers/grandmothers.”