Educational Philosophy and Thoughts of Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan with Contribution Towards Education B.ED Notes

Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan at Tiruttani (Madras Presidency) on September 5, 1888. He was a Professor of Philosophy and worked with Sanskrit scholars. He became a successful teacher due to his lucid exposition. He stated,

“Education, to be complete, must be humane, it must include not only the training of the intellect but the refinement of the heart and the discipline of the spirit. No education can be regarded as complete if it neglects the heart and the spirit.”

Aims of Education

According to Dr. Radhakrishnan,

“The educational system must find its guiding principles in the aims of the social order for which it prepares, and in the nature of the civilization, it hopes to build. The social philosophy must be very clear. Societies like men need a clear purpose. Without which it is difficult to decide what should be done and how it should be done. The commission declares that our educational system should be governed by social philosophy outlined in the constitution.”


Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan is considered to be one of the most influential educationists of the 20th century. He is credited with helping to revitalize and modernize the field of education, and his work has had a significant impact on the way that students learn. Dr. Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan was an influential educationist of the 20th century who helped to revitalize and modernize the field of education. He is credited with helping to develop new theories about learning and education, as well as fostering a more hands-on approach to teaching.

Curriculum Towards Education

  • There are three types of existence according to Dr. Radhakrishnan which include the natural, the social and the spiritual and they are all interrelated.
  • These three groups are also used to classify the content of teaching accordingly. Our relationship to nature is concerned with science and technology.
  • Social science deals with our relationship to society and its philosophy. Art and literature deal with the relationship of human beings to values or the world of spirit.

All of these different studies should be treated as parts of a whole. Dr. Radhakrishnan says that

“the house of knowledge cannot be divided against itself and, therefore, it is idle to think that science gives us a particular knowledge, art gives another, and literature gives yet another. It is one indivisible whole with a particular spiritual direction.”

Women Education

According to Dr. Radhakrishnan, women play a special part in bringing peace to the horror-stricken world, and they hold a definite philosophy of life.  He stated,

“Women are the missionaries of civilization with their immense capacity for self-sacrifice and they are the unquestioned leaders in ahinsa.”

Therefore, women’s education should be perceived as a humanistic plan rather than a physiological one.

Dr. Radhakrishnan’s views are a mix of both ancient and modern, and secular and spiritual. He emphasized all cultures and tried to build a bridge of understanding between the East and the West.