Back to: Pedagogy of English – Unit 3
Rabindranath was born on May 9, 1861, in Bengal and is regarded as the Viswakavi or World Poet. He was homeschooled and studied many subjects. He would start the morning with physical education and then study Mathematics, History, Geography, Bengali, and Sanskrit. At noon, he would learn English and draw. During Sundays, he experimented with Science and learned music. He loved reading the plays of Kalidas and Shakespeare.
Gitanjali is one of his most well-known collections of poems. Rabindranath Tagore was awarded the Nobel Prize for literature in 1913. becoming the first Indian to win a Nobel Prize. The British Government conferred on his knighthood and gave him the title of “Sir”.
He established Viswabharathi University near Santiniketan in 1921 which is now a university under the Central Government. He also composed the national anthem of India.
Educational Philosophy and Thoughts of Rabindranath Tagore
Rabindranath Tagore was an educationist more than he was a political thinker. He focused on ‘naturalism’ for framing educational models. He believed that freedom is the basic guiding force in education for inculcating interest within a student who is inspired by nature to pursue any branch of knowledge he prefers. The establishment of Shantiniketan fulfilled the desired goal of Tagore on the educational front.
Aims of Education
According to Tagore, the aims of education are as follows.
Tagore puts a lot of emphasis on spiritualism and states that personal development relies on spiritual knowledge and the self-Realization of an individual.
Tagore also focused on the sound and healthy physical development of children by stressing the importance of activities like yoga, sports, and more.
Tagore also focused on the intellectual development of children such as imagination, creativity, free-thinking, curiosity, and the like.
Relationship between man and God
Tagore stressed that one must be dedicated to sacredness and spiritualism to establish a perfect harmony between man, nature, and God.
He also stated that the mother tongue of the child should be the medium of instruction.
Tagore believed that individuals should treat all human beings equally and stated, “man service is service to god”.
Tagore stated, “Education has learning only when it is imparted through the path of freedom”.
Rabindranath Tagore was a true philosopher who established a renowned educational institution in Santiniketan. Tagore greatly emphasized the importance of spiritual education and the harmonious development of the child. He also emphasized mental, social, and emotional growth.
Similarities between the Educational Ideology of Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore
- Mahatma Gandhi and Rabindranath Tagore have similarities in their educational philosophy and ideology.
- Both Gandhi and Tagore believed in education for the masses and advocated for universal education for all.
- They also advocated for a decentralized education system, emphasizing the importance of local teachers and schools.
- Finally, both Gandhi and Tagore believed that education should be based on moral values and principles. Gandhi believed that education should be based on moral values and principles.
- He believed that education should provide children with the knowledge and skills necessary to live ethically and peacefully.
- He also believed that education should help children to develop a sense of responsibility and to identify and address social issues.
The Role of the Teacher
According to the educational philosophy of Ravindranath Tagore, the role of the teacher should be as follows:
- The teacher is believed to be a true Guru.
- The teacher must be a guide and a true mentor who motivates the students for life.
- The teacher must be dedicated to learning regardless of the teaching profession.
- A teacher should be given light to the whole universe.
- A teacher must be dedicated and self-motivated to motivate the students.
- The teacher must teach moralistic and ideal ethics to the student.
- A teacher must be pure-hearted only then the teacher can enlighten the students.