What is fragment sentence in writing with examples. What are the types of sentence fragments?
A sentence fragment refers to a phrase or clause that is written in the form of a sentence but does not have an element present as a subject or verb. Therefore, this makes it appear as an independent sentence in normative written English. A complete sentence in the English language is one that has a main clause with a subject and verb. However, a sentence fragment does not have one of the mentioned elements and hence, it isn’t able to present a complete thought independently.
Types of Sentence Fragments
There are three main types of sentence fragments:
Missing a Subject:
In this type of sentence fragment, the subject may be missing even if the verb is present.
● is taking the car
● sings under the moonlight
● ran quickly towards the station
Missing a Verb:
In this type of sentence fragment, the verb may be missing even if the subject is present.
● thin, fresh cucumbers
● the rare scholar
● a partridge in a pear tree, three french hens, and two turtle doves
Subordinate Clause Fragments:
This type of sentence fragment modifies a main clause or some part of it and always begins with a subordinating conjunction. Subordinating conjunctions are followed by a comma before the clause they modify. Although a subordinate clause has both a subject and a verb, it cannot be used on its own.
● Although it was raining
● Until everyone knows her name
● Once they learned the true meaning of Halloween
The following tips should be taken note of to fix sentence fragments:
1. Always add a subject.
2. Do not forget to add a verb.
3. Use conjunctions to connect one fragment of a sentence with another.
According to the Collins Dictionary, a sentence fragment is
“a phrase or clause written as a sentence but lacking an element, as a subject or verb, that would enable it to function as an independent sentence in normative written English.”