What are the Different Methods of Research UGC NET?
Research can be defined as,
“a scientific approach to answering a research question, solving a research problem, or generating new knowledge through a systematic and orderly collection, organisation, and analysis of data to make research findings useful in decision-making.”
Pertaining to research, Theodorson and Theodorson (1969) states,
“it refers to any honest attempt to study a problem systematically or to add to man’s knowledge of a problem.”
According to Gratton & Jones, 2009,
“Research is a systematic process of discovery and advancement of human knowledge.”
Methods of Research
1. Theoretical Research:
It refers to knowledge gathered by discovering new ideas and theories through existing theories and explanations. However, the major emphasis is on studying rather than testing the theories and models. It focuses more on secondary data instead of primary data.
2. Empirical Research :
It is a data-oriented research that provides insights through observation or experiences. The primary data are collected, analysed and tested to prove some hypotheses.
3. Qualitative Research :
This research is conducted to study and analyse human behaviour. It is the preliminary stage of quantitative research.
4. Quantitative Research:
It is contrary to qualitative research. It is a scientific technique that analyses the data using statistical measures for concluding the outcomes of a research problem.
5. Action Research:
It is also referred to as “participatory research”. In this, active problem-solving is done by the individuals to improve the research solutions.
American sociologist Earl Robert Babbie states,
“Research is a systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict and control the observed phenomenon.”
Research refers to a careful consideration of study related to a specific problem or concern applying scientific methods. The word ‘research’ originates from the French word “recerchier” which means to ‘search again.’
Clifford Woody states,
“Research comprises defining and redefining problems, formulating hypothesis or suggested solutions, Collecting, Organising and Evaluating data, Making deductions and reaching Conclusions to determine they fit the formulating hypothesis.”
Read: UGC NET Paper 1