Principles of Research Ethics and Plagiarism in Research Methodology UGC NET

Principles of Research Ethics and Plagiarism in Research Methodology UGC NET

Research ethics refers to a set of guidelines that needs to be followed by a researcher to complete the research study effectively. American sociologist Earl Robert Babbie states,

“Research is a systematic inquiry to describe, explain, predict and control the observed phenomenon.”

Research refers to a careful consideration of study related to a specific problem or concern applying scientific methods.

Merriam Webster dictionary defines plagiarism as,

“to use the words or ideas of other persons as if they were your own words or ideas‖. In other words plagiarism can be understood as copying whole or a portion of work belonging to other person, without acknowledging his original contribution. A particular work is plagiarized when a person presents a work as his original work, i.e., self generated, when in reality he has copied ideas or core text from other articles.”

Research ethics are required to:

● protect the rights of research participants

● enhance research validity

● maintain scientific or academic integrity

The Belmont Report is a critical document for those involved in research created by the National Commission for the Protection of Human Subjects of Biomedical and Behavioral Research. The report is also applicable to clinical practice. The main aim of the Belmont Report is to protect the rights of all research subjects or participants. The Belmont Report also serves as an ethical framework for research. 

There are 3 major components:

● respect for persons

● beneficence

● justice

The core ethical principles of research include: 

1. the rights and dignity of individuals and groups should be respected

2. wherever possible, participation should be voluntary and appropriately informed

3. research should be conducted with integrity and transparency

4. lines of responsibility and accountability should be clearly defined

“Ethical considerations in research are a set of principles that guide your research designs and practices. Scientists and researchers must always adhere to a certain code of conduct when collecting data from people.”