The Kothari Commission (1964-66) believed that the Indian education system did not prepare learners to take a career path. It focused on the need for education that makes individuals ready for the work front so that they can have a secure career. Hence, it put forward the need for vocational secondary education and extended the coverage of vocational courses.
Main Objectives of the Kothari Commission
The main objectives of the Kothari Commission (1964-66) were as follows:
- Provision of guidelines and policies for education development in India.
- Evolution and finding of a general education pattern in India.
- Examination of every aspect and domain of the Indian education system.
Main Recommendations of the Kothari Commission
The main recommendations of the Kothari Commission for higher education in India were as follows:
The Kothari Commission focused on the need for education that makes individuals ready for the work front so that they can have a secure career.
Inclusion of Training Courses
It put forward the need for training-based courses. As a result, a multitude of courses with varying duration of one to three years was introduced. This included the training of pre-primary and primary teachers, industrial training courses, trading courses, medical training courses, agricultural training courses, and more.
Expression of Creativity
According to the Commission, learners must be educated in manual work so that they can express their creativity. They focused on developing learners into self-sufficient individuals.
Use of Regional Languages
The Commission suggested the use of regional languages as the medium of language for teaching for all stages of education.
The Commission also suggested that part-time education must be offered at a large scale at lower and higher secondary stages of education.
Impact Social and National Issues
The Commission put forward the need for free education for all children up to the age of 14. It emphasized the need for education up to a certain age. It redefined education by restating its objectives and focusing on how education can influence and positively impact social and national issues and aspects.
Two Types of Secondary Schools
The Commission suggested two types of secondary schools – the high school (10 years course), and the higher secondary school (11 or 12 years course).
Along with these recommendations, the Commission put forward the need for free education for all children up to the age of 14. It emphasized the need for education up to a certain age. The Commission examined and evaluated the educational problems existing in the Indian education system and strived to fix the issues.