Back to: Contemporary India and Education – Unit 3
The Central Advisory Board of Education recommended the central government appoint a secondary education commission in 1951. On 23rd Sept 1952, the government appointed a secondary education commission under the chairmanship of Dr. Lakshamanswami Mudaliar. He was the Vice-Chancellor of Madras University at that time. The commission is named as Mudaliar Commission after the chairmanship.
Aims of the Mudaliar Commission
The main aim of the Mudaliar Commission are as follows:
- To study the condition of current secondary education and come up with its reorganization.
- To study the conditions of the pay-scales & service secondary school teachers.
- To study secondary education aims and the curriculum & teaching standard of every region in India.
- To examine the condition of secondary schools in every region.
- To examine the secondary level’s examination system.
- To examine the problems of secondary education in every state & come up with their remedies.
The Recommendations of Mudaliar Commission
The recommendations put forward by the Mudaliar Commission are as follows:
- It should be for learners ages 11-17 years.
- The duration must be 7 years.
- The system must be divided into Junior secondary stage(3 years) and Higher secondary stage(4 years)
- Abolition of intermediate classes.
- Establishment of multipurpose schools.
Aims of Secondary Education
- Development of leadership qualities
- Development of democratic citizenship
- Development of personality
- Development of vocational skills
Secondary Education Curriculum
- Must relate to real life
- Students should be encouraged to utilize their leisure productively
- Should be extensive and flexible
- Subjects & activities should be inter-related
- Establishment of vocational guidance Bureau in every province
- Organization of guidance and counselling in every secondary school
- Training of officials facilitated by the central government
Junior Education Curriculum
The curriculum must consist of the following subjects:
- Mother tongue
- National language Hindi or any other federal language
- General science
- Social science
- Arts & music
- Physical education
The Mudaliar Commission (1952-53) is imperative to the current Indian education system as it gave way to many improvements in the curriculum.