Guidance is the advice or solutions given by experts or superiors to an individual to overcome a difficult situation. Whereas, counselling is the advice or help given by a professional counselor to a counselee to help them overcome their personal or psychological difficulties. Despite having same objectives of guidance and counselling, There are many characteristics of guidance and counselling from which some can be considered as the major differences in guidance and counselling:
- Counselling can be considered as a part of guidance as it is a specialized guidance service provided by a professional counsellor and counselee. Whereas, guidance does not required a professional.
- Guidance is more complex and comprehensive concept than counselling which is relatively narrow term.
- Guidance is an external process while counselling involves more inward analysis which enables learners to understand their educational problems and get alternative solutions.
- Guidance is mostly used for developmental process whereas counselling is used to rectify and improve the process.
- For guidance, intellectual attitude is required but in counselling emotions along with intellectual attitude are needed.
- The decision making in guidance takes place at an intellectual level whereas the decision making in counselling takes place at an emotional level.
- Guidance is mostly a distributive phase whereas counselling is mostly an adjustive phase.
- Guidance in education is the goal whereas counselling, in terms of education, are techniques.
- Guidance can be given in groups while counselling can be given in groups as well as individually.
- In guidance, face to face interaction is not necessary but in counselling, face to face interaction is essential.
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