There are six main types of processes that facilitate the construction of knowledge or the cognitive development which are as follows:
- Language: Language is a means of communication. It includes the four skills of listening, speaking, reading, and writing. With these skills, we develop the ability to communicate effectively.
- Attention: Attention refers to the ability of being able to concentrate or focus on one thing or task at a time.
- Memory: Memory refers to knowledge that is stored in the mind. Our brains store many memories. Memories allow people to recall and recollect objects, information, and situations and react to them.
- Perception: It includes new information and old information that enables the brain to make sense of a situation, process and perceive them, and respond to them. It includes smell, touch, sight, and hearing.
- Learning: Learning refers to the acquisition of new knowledge and information. It blends the previous knowledge with new knowledge for better functioning of the brain.
- Higher Reasoning: Higher reasoning involves skills such as making decisions, planning and organizing your schedule, planning, plotting, problem solving, and reasoning.
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