Idealism is a philosophical concept that ancient and modern philosophers turn to when all other philosophies fail. The concept of idealism is based on humanitarian values and ideals.

The idea and ideals of philosophy are the major components that are followed by idealists. Philosophers such as Plato, Kant, Hegel, Descartes and Aristotle have been identified as Idealists.

Definition Of Idealism

The word ‘IDEALISM’ is derived from the Latin word ‘IDEALIS’, which means ‘to form. The philosophical system of Idealism is linked to reality, it emphasizes the importance of consciousness in framing reality.

It is based on the theory of human progress. The philosophy is optimistic and believes that good people are more than bad people. It also follows the belief that humanity can be improved through education.   

One of the core metaphysical ideologies of idealism is that consciousness has no role to play in reality, hence, objective or absolute idealism does not exist. This is because the individual can never have a piece of absolute knowledge about the outside world. The external world is an impression of the individual in their state of mind.

Types Of Idealism

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Absolute Idealism

This type of idealism is central to the route of idealism in education. This school of thought lays down around the fact that absolute reality can be found in reason and thought. Reality is interrelated and contradictory but contradictions are reconciled. 

Absolute idealism rules that everything is a whole and part of the cosmos. Everything is a result of self-will, that is, absolute. 

Modern Idealism

This type of idealism has given idealism in education a different perspective. This school of thought is more to do with the state of the mind rather than reality. The ‘I’ in idealism is the main focus.

The environment of perspective an individual sees is created by them. The knowledge one has is the fuel for these thoughts. The concepts a person believes in are supplied by their mind.

The other types of intricate idealism are as follows.

  1. Epistemological Idealism
  2. Metaphysical Idealism
  3. Platonic Idealism
  4. Aristotelian Idealism
  5. Kantian Idealism
  6. Absolute Idealism
  7. Critical Idealism
  8. Moralistic Idealism

Aims Of Idealism In Education

The major aims of idealism in education are as follows

Self Realization

The major aim of idealism in education is to make the child realize their inner soul. The child should acknowledge the presence of their soul, heal their inner being and walk towards self-knowledge. Self-realization aims toward full knowledge of the soul.

Above the soul of man, there is the supreme soul. Man achieves self-realization when he becomes one with the Supreme soul. According to Idealism, Man is the greatest creation of God. Idealism in Education aims towards helping man reach self-realization.

Spiritual Development

Idealists are more biased towards spiritual values than material successes. The culmination of spirituality in humans is when the individual can convert their original nature into spiritual nature.

This happens when an individual realizes spiritual values like beauty, truth, and goodness. The spiritual development of the individual happens when the person enjoys intellectual, aesthetic and moral aesthetics through spiritual development.

Cultivation Of Moral Values

The central pillar of idealism revolves around the importance of moral values in a man’s life. The personality of a Man forms around its aesthetic, moral and intellectual aspects. The moral values of an individual help them to reach perfection in life.

An individual should express their moral values in every aspect of life. The intellectual values of a person help to solve all the problems a person may face in life. Idealism helps in cultivating moral values that can make life noble and perfect.

Conservation, Promotion And Transmission Of Culture 

The primary aim of Idealism in education is the conservation, promotion and transmission of culture through Man. Culture should be transmitted from person-to-person, time-to-time and from place to place. The aesthetic, moral and intellectual activities of man should help in promoting, transmitting, and preserving culture through generations.

Mankind should work towards preserving their cultural heritage. Education contributes to the development of culture. It helps to enlarge the boundaries of the spiritual realm. Moral and spiritual values help in developing and conserving culture.

Development Of Physical Health

Philosophers of the Idealist school of thought think that development has to be moral, intellectual, religious, aesthetic, and physical.

The child should develop a good healthy body through spiritual values. Education through idealism aims at developing the child into a complete individual through mental, physical, moral, and cultural upliftment. 

Universal Knowledge

Idealism promotes the fact that education and knowledge should be universal. The whole universe along with the Supreme Soul is part of a thought process.

Education should be planned to keep the Universal Truth, which is the central point of all teaching and rationality in the Universe.

Development Of Rationality And Intelligence

Idealism through education aims toward the full development of the mind. As an individual develops they become rational as well. A well-developed mind understands the concept of the Supreme Soul.

Idealism believes that education aims at the total development of the Self, evolution of an individual’s mind, self-realization, and moral values.

Preparation For A Pious Life

Idealism prepares the individual for a pious life, through which they can live a life full of moral values. 

Aspects Of Education In Idealism

TeacherCurriculumMethods Of TeachingDiscipline
The teacher is the guide of the student into the spiritual world. The teacher is the ideal the student follows.Idealism thinks of the teacher as the spiritual receptor sent by the Supreme Soul to guide the Individual towards spirituality.The teacher is an Idealist, friend and guide. The curriculum that is developed following idealist views pays attention to values and morals. The curriculum pays attention to cognitive development and conation. The curriculum should be based on  the policy of universal education.Idealism does not have prescribed steps on the methods of teaching.According to Idealism, the classroom is the abode of spiritual learning.Learning through reading, lecturing, discussion and imitation is advocated. Idealism believes in keeping a child under discipline. No spiritual development is possible without discipline.Self analysis and self insight are the main factors to enhance discipline. 
Aspects Of Education In Idealism