What are the Types of Effective Communication?

According to Louis Allen,

“Communication is a bridge of meaning. It involves a systematic and continuous process of telling, listening and understanding.”

“Effective communication is the process of exchanging ideas, thoughts, opinions, knowledge, and data so that the message is received and understood with clarity and purpose.”

R.W. Griffin states,

“Effective communication is the process of sending a message in such a way that the message received is as close in meaning as possible to the message intended.”

Characteristics of Effective Communication

1. Two-Way Process: Communication must involve at least two people because it is essentially an exchange of ideas.

2. Uses Different Methods: It uses oral and speech communication,  written and graphical representations as sources of exchanging information.

3. Pervasive: It is pervasive in nature because it is used as a means of exchanging information all around the world.

4. Interpersonal: It is a process of sharing knowledge, data, and information from one individual to another or group of people.

5. Continuous: Communication never stops, it is a never-ending process.

Types of Effective Communication 

1. Verbal Communication: It involves the use of a speech in the form of speaking to convey a message or information.

2. Non-Verbal Communication: It involves the use of gestures, facial expressions, and body language to exchange information.

3. Written Communication: It uses typing, printing symbols, numbers, letters, and writing as a means of exchanging information.

4. Visual Communication: It involves the use of art, photographs, sketches, graphs, charts, and drawings, to exchange the information.

“Effective communication means where we know what we are trying to communicate and the audience is getting exactly what we are trying to say.”

Keith Davis states,

“Communication is a process of passing information and understanding from one person to another.”

William Newman and Charles Summer opine,

“Communication is an exchange of ideas, facts, opinions or emotions of two or more persons.”