During the Budget session in 1986, the Parliament of India discussed and adopted the “National Policy on Education 1986.” This program was supervised by prominent Central and State government educationalists, experts, and senior representatives.
Merits of National Policy on Education 1968
The merits of National Policy on Education 1968 are as follows:
Learning without pressure
Teachers must strive to make learning a joyful experience and not stick to textbooks as a basis for examination. They should reduce the stress of learners and therefore, it suggests significant changes to be made in the pattern of the syllabus.
Learners must be encouraged to develop a sense of self-reliance and individual dignity. This is important for forming social relations. They should also be motivated to develop a sense of unity and promote non-violence across society.
It encourages the promotion of universal enrollment and retention up to age 14 by teaching with a child-centered approach to learning.
Feeling of unity
Teachers must try to instill the feeling of unity, democracy, and oneness among learners.
Follow pillars of Education
According to P. Naik, quality, quantity, and equality are the three pillars of the education system in India and this must be promoted.
Equality of all learners
In the social context, the curriculum published recently ensures that all schools are provided with and follow a standard framework irrespective of sex, religion, creed, and caste.
Demerits of National Policy on Education 1968
The demerits of National Policy on Education 1968 in India are as follows:
Ignorance by Parents
Despite the government’s efforts to offer free and compulsory education, many people living in remote areas still ignore sending their children to school.
Lack of Coordination
There is a lack of coordination between the local community and the educational institutions which leads to issues in universalizing elementary education.
An Attitude of Indifference
There is an air of indifferent attitude by the higher authorities which leads to a lack of effort in the universalization of elementary education.
Lack of Funds
There is an inadequacy of funds which leads to a lack of learning resources and materials.
Even though education may be free, there are still some expenses parents have to incur and those belonging to a poor social class may therefore refrain from sending their children to school.
Lack of Resources
Even with the government’s provision of learning resources, it continues to be inadequate for quality education.
Lack of Motivation
Those who belong to a poor socioeconomic economic background may not consider education to be important. They motivate their children to work instead of becoming educated.
The government has been taking many measures to universalize education through programs such as Sarva Shiksha Abhiyan, Kothari Commission, and National Education Policy to name a few.