The POA 1992 aims to achieve the realization of long-term goals such as universal enrollment and retention. It was a program resulting from the National Policy of Education to improve the quality of education in India and promote inclusive classrooms as well.
The main objectives and recommendations of POA 1992 are as follows:
Early Childhood Care and Education
The POA laid stress on the need to strengthen the programs and their components To materialize the aims of the NPE 1986. A coordinated functioning of the government and non-government agencies was suggested by the POA to meet the goals of the ECCE programs. Early childhood and care were also given special importance and it proposed special training for the Anganwadi workers to enhance the early childhood education quality.
Universalization of Elementary Education – UEE
POA aimed to achieve the targets for UEE. It recommended many innovations and revised schemes like the ‘Non-Formal Education’ for students who could not attend school full time. It also laid stress on 10 states and shared the responsibility between the center and state government in the ratio of 50:50.
Plan of Action 1992 acknowledged the need to expand the opportunities for secondary education. It envisioned increased participation of the backward classes. However, the POA 1992 reorganized and increased the autonomy of the Boards of Secondary Education. It also put forward the visionary idea of improving digital literacy and technological skills among students which helped the future.
The POA 1992 envisioned the opening of Navodaya Vidyalayas across India which aimed to help the high achievers regardless of their socioeconomic backgrounds. This proposal became beneficial because it improved the quality of schooling for the masses as an estimated 40.7% of the students were already below the poverty line.
Women’s education was also emphasized by this program of action. It recommended development programs and aimed to enhance their legal literacy. It recommended running gender and poverty sensitization programs to prevent issues like gender disparity. All teachers were suggested to be trained through innovative training programs. It also aimed to create new women’s study centers through institutions and women’s organizations.
Adult Education and Micro-Planning
The committee also suggested the improvement of educational opportunities for adults under the Non-Formal Education initiatives. Innovative programs like the open school system and distance education were also recommended for female students residing in remote, rural, and urban areas. Educational micro-planning was suggested for students living in tribal areas. Special importance was also laid on the education of adult illiterate women.
Education for Students With Disabilities
The committee reoriented the teacher training as per the inclusive classrooms To meet the needs of special students for at least 12.59 million children with disabilities. Reorientation of non-formal and adult educational programs was also given importance.
These were the various objectives and recommendations of the POA that have played an important role in improving the quality of education across India.