There can be two types of individual differences based on their traits along with their definitions:
Types of Individual Differences Based on Acquisition
Inherited Individual Differences
- Physical Individual Differences
- Cognitive Individual Differences
- Temperamental Individual Differences
Acquired Individual Differences
- Social Differences from family, neighborhood, society
- Educational Differences from academic Performance
- Emotional Differences
- Cultural Differences
- Socioeconomic status
- Academic ability
- Attitude towards learning
- Intellectual orientation
- Personality traits
- Family background
- Financial Background
- Relation with Family
- Friendship etc.
Understanding of Cognitive Ability VariationsFirst of all, while teaching a class full of students belonging to different mental levels, it has the partial probability to have the mentally slow learners as compared with the highly intelligent students. Therefore, individual differences provide the chance to understand these variations.
Utilization of Different CapacitiesWith the comprehension of individual differences, the teacher can have the knowledge about a student’s different capacities, capabilities, interests, knowledge, attitude and reasoning skills. These variations can be utilized by the teacher to guide them on the right path.
Mitigation of Intelligence UniformityWith the understanding of individual differences, a student would be saved from the intelligence uniformity available in every student as each student would have different level of understanding. The reason behind this is that every student has different background knowledge, experience, self motivation to learn and interests in the particular field. These students would not get judged with the understanding of individual differences.
Appropriate Usage of Instructional PlanDue to the knowledge about individual differences, the teacher and the academic institutions would implement the appropriate usage of instructional plans for reducing the gap for the achievement of learning process.
Decision upon Teaching Tasks and ActivitiesAfter understanding individual differences, it becomes easy for the teacher to opt the appropriate teaching tasks and learning activities as per the understanding level of the students.
Suggestion for Academic ImprovementThe knowledge of individual difference would provide an opportunity for assessing the academic performance of every student which can inform about the right usage of teaching plans. Therefore, the performance of students along with the efforts of teacher can get acknowledged which can revolutionize the further academic improvement to reduce the gap of individual differences.
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