Skinner proposed three kinds of responses, also referred to as operant, which are as follows.
- Neutral operants: Neutral operants refer to environmental responses that do not increase or decrease the probability of repeated behaviour.
- Reinforcers: Reinforcers refer to environmental responses that increase the chances of a behavior to be repeated. Reinforcers are of two types – positive reinforcement and negative reinforcement. Positive reinforcement includes a behaviour which is strengthened by rewards while negative reinforcement refers to the strengthening of behaviour through the elimination of unpleasant behaviour.
- Punishers: Punishers refer to environmental responses that reduce the probability of a behaviour to be repeated. Behaviour is weakened by punishers.
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