QuestionsCategory: Pedagogy of EnglishWhat are the principles of human development and their educational implications principles educational implication?
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admin Staff answered 6 months ago
Human development is a continuous process that begins with birth and continues throughout life. It consists of three phases: pre-natal, peri-natal, and post-natal. In each phase, there are stages of growth or periods of maturation in which the individual is expected to perform certain tasks and reach certain developmental goals. In the prenatal stage, a child is completely dependent on his mother for nourishment and protection. The period between birth and the end of the first year is known as the “infancy” stage. It is a time when children develop their skills, acquire knowledge and abilities and begin to have control over their environment. During the second year, children show signs of increased independence. In the third year, they are capable of playing and interacting with other children. This is the “toddling” stage. The fourth year is marked by the appearance of physical maturity and sexual development. During the fifth year, children begin to show interest in school and become more independent. This is the “childhood” stage. At this time, they learn to read, write, do arithmetic, and use tools. In the sixth year, they are expected to be able to distinguish between right and wrong and act responsibly. This is the “puberty” stage. The seventh year is when children begin to have a sense of their own identity. They also begin to develop their own ideas about their future. This is the “adolescence” stage. During the eighth year, children begin to develop a personal relationship with God. At the same time, they begin to show interest in their profession or vocation. This is the “young adulthood” stage. It is a framework that helps educators plan for the full range of student learning and provides a set of guidelines for instructional planning and delivery that promotes the development of all students’ abilities, skills, and knowledge. It has been widely accepted as a reference in education research and practice and has been endorsed by major educational organizations worldwide. Read More Lessons>>