QuestionsCategory: Childhood and Growing UpWhat is the major difference between guidance and counselling?
admin Staff asked 1 year ago
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admin Staff answered 1 year ago

Guidance and counselling are often considered to be the same but they are two different concepts. The major differences between guidance and counselling in education are as follows:

  1. Counselling is a part of guidance. It is a specialized guidance service which involves a professional counsellor and counselee. Guidance is not necessarily given by a professional.
  2. Guidance is comparatively broader and more comprehensive than counselling which is narrow and in-depth.
  3. Guidance is an external process while counselling involves more inward analysis which enables learners to understand their educational problems and get alternative solutions.
  4. Guidance is mostly developmental and preventive whereas counselling is mostly remedial and can be developmental and preventive as well.
  5. The raw materials of guidance are intellectual attitudes whereas the raw materials of counselling are emotional as well as intellectual attitudes.
  6. The decision making in guidance takes place at an intellectual level whereas the decision making in counselling takes place at an emotional level.
  7. Guidance is mostly a distributive phase whereas counselling is mostly an adjustive phase.
  8. Guidance in education is the goal whereas counselling, in terms of education, are techniques.
  9. Guidance can be given in groups while counselling can be given in groups as well as individually.
  10. In guidance, face to face interaction is not necessary but in counselling, face to face interaction is essential.

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