Guidance and counselling are often considered to be the same but they are two different concepts. The major differences between guidance and counselling in education are as follows:
- Counselling is a part of guidance. It is a specialized guidance service which involves a professional counsellor and counselee. Guidance is not necessarily given by a professional.
- Guidance is comparatively broader and more comprehensive than counselling which is narrow and in-depth.
- Guidance is an external process while counselling involves more inward analysis which enables learners to understand their educational problems and get alternative solutions.
- Guidance is mostly developmental and preventive whereas counselling is mostly remedial and can be developmental and preventive as well.
- The raw materials of guidance are intellectual attitudes whereas the raw materials of counselling are emotional as well as intellectual attitudes.
- The decision making in guidance takes place at an intellectual level whereas the decision making in counselling takes place at an emotional level.
- Guidance is mostly a distributive phase whereas counselling is mostly an adjustive phase.
- Guidance in education is the goal whereas counselling, in terms of education, are techniques.
- Guidance can be given in groups while counselling can be given in groups as well as individually.
- In guidance, face to face interaction is not necessary but in counselling, face to face interaction is essential.
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