Governance and Administration in India with Flow Chart UGC NET

Governance refers to, “formulating the laws, policies and acts, whereas the administration is implementing the laws and policies enacted by the governance.” In simple terms, it is the formulation of laws, polices, ordinances whereas administration related to day to day functioning of departments and law and order. According to Wikipedia, “Governance refers to “all processes of governing, whether undertaken by a government, market or network, whether over a family, tribe, formal or informal organisation or territory and whether through laws, norms, power or language.”

Administration refers to, “the process or activity of running a business, organization, etc.”

Difference between governance and administration 

Governance Administration 
It is the act of governing It is the implementation of the results of governance 
It is the formulation of laws, policies that shape a country, state or province through debate and discussionIt ensures that a work force of enforcers can carry out the will of governance
The governing body is the headThe public administration carries the commands of the governance 
It includes a parliament or senate that identifies and manages societal issuesIt includes tax collectors, the police officers, the mail clerks and their associated teacher and governing bodies
The governance decides what is to be done The public administration carries out what is to be done 

The main types of governance include democratic governance, economic and financial governance, e-Governance services, corporate governance and environmental governance.

Fundamental Rights

The fundamental rights of every citizen of India as per the Constitution of India are

1. Right to Equality

2. Right to freedom

3. Right against exploitation

4. Right to freedom of religion

5. Cultural and educational rights

6. Right to constitutional remedies

“Governance means interaction between the formal institutions and those in civil society. It is like a pattern of rules or practices of governing. It states the way in which an organisation or government exercises economic, political, and administrative control.” Administration refers to the process of fulfilling tasks decided and discussed by the governance. 

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