Difference between Ancient and Modern Education System in India

Difference between ancient and modern education system in India

Education in India dates back to the 3rd century BC. It mainly consisted of religious training elements and imparting of traditional knowledge. The education was imparted orally by sages and scholars while palm leaves and the barks of trees were used as writing materials. Both formal education and informal education were imparted at the time and indigenous education was imparted at temples, tols, Gurukuls, and the like. The foundation of ancient Indian education was epistemological and philosophical traditions revolving around the idea of the ephemerality of life and world, concept of ultimate death, and the futility of mundane pleasures.

Difference Between Ancient and Modern Education System in India 

Ancient Education Modern Education. 
1. It is teacher-centered 1. It is learned centered
2. It provides knowledge that is subject specific 2. It provides knowledge that is subject specific as well as skill based
3. Students used to live in the same residence with their teacher to serve them and learn from them 3. Students and teachers do not live in the same residence and they only learn from them, they do not serve them 
4. The main subjects were Vedas, epics, Literature, and archery 4. Subjects do not include scriptures and their main focus is on Science and Mathematics 
5. Women were not allowed to pursue education 5. Modern education is open to everyone regardless of the gender 
6. It was mainly theoretical6. It is mainly conceptual and practical 
7. It was passive and limited 7. It is interactive and engaging 

There are many differences between the ancient Indian education system and modern education system. A lot of advancement has been made in the sphere of education since the early days. These days, many digital initiatives are being taken to facilitate quality and convenient education which was not so during ancient days.

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